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Programm 2021

Programme

Programme of the virtual Freiburg Gymnastics Congress 2021 with descriptions of all lectures and workshops.

EN 1: Trending ages of MAG and WAG gymnasts in major competitions

When Oct 16, 2021
from 09:15 AM to 10:00 AM
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Almir Atiković

The OG and WC represent the crown of each athlete’s career, so it is the same with gymnasts. The aims of this study was to investigate the historical analysis which has been made of the chronological age trend of all participants both male and female who have won medals in the period between 1896 and 2021. The examinees were gymnasts who had won medals at the following competitions: Olympic Games (OG) from 1896 to 2021 and World Championships (WCh) from 1903 to 2019. This study also try to determine the differences between the medallists and non-medallists in male and female artistic gymnastics at the Olympic Games from 1996 to 2021. In the last 20 years there has been a linear increase in the age structure of participants in MAG and WAG at the OG and WCh 2003 – 2021.

Changes in the General Rules and Code of Points by the Federation Internationale de Gymnastique after 1997. The trend is a significant change only on WCh but not on OG. Since artistic gymnastics becomes each Olympic cycle over more demanding in terms of complexity and difficulty value of the elements, it is expected fact that gymnasts need more time to acquire stability, experience and safety when performing such complex exercises in future. The increased complexity of Code of Points in terms of difficulty value and an increased number of deductions, according to need longer competitive internship to be successful. Male and female gymnasts ended their carriers earlier in the past, while today we have some more and more athletes in professional gymnastics who are over 35 years of age.

EN 2: Do gymnasts need to develop their cardiorespiratory fitness similarly to other athletes?

When Oct 16, 2021
from 10:15 AM to 11:00 AM
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© Can Stock Photo / woodoo

Monèm Jemni

Coaches and some scientists still debate whether they should develop gymnasts’ stamina (cardiorespiratory endurance) similarly to other sports. This has led to different practices and arguments to justify and/or to deny them. Some have argued that high-level gymnasts practice for more than 30 hours, hence they would need to have the necessary fitness to endure such important training volume. Others argued that gymnasts would need a quite consistent level of cardiorespiratory fitness enabling them to recover between sessions and during intensive training.

In this lecture, Professor Jemni would go through the state of the art science around these arguments and would provide coaches, students and scientists with the cutting-edge scientifically-based evidence that would answer all these inquiries.

EN 3: Are gymnast's palms worth to research?

When Oct 16, 2021
from 11:15 AM to 12:00 PM
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Ivan Čuk

In gymnastics, contact between the gymnast and the apparatus is usually made with the feet and hands. When contact with the apparatus is made with the hands, the gymnast may be either in support or hang. Each position has a different effect on the palms, and when gymnasts perform movements, the effect is also different because a frictional force is added. Position and movement change the temperature of the palms, which is important for the gymnast's training load and health.

 

Authors: Ivan Čuk1, Igor Pušnik2, Maja Pajek1, Karmen Šibanc1

 

Affiliations: 1. Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana

                 2. Faculty of Electrical Engineering

EN 4: Effects of specific high-intensity interval training on endurance performance on pommel horse and arm ergometer

When Oct 16, 2021
from 12:15 PM to 01:00 PM
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Alexander Seemann-Sinn & Sven Kwiatkowski

In the last few years, High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) has become a popular form of training, which has also increasingly been used in gymnastics as a training method for gymnastics-specific endurance performance. HIIT is a training method that consists of short, high-intensity intervals (≥90% of the maximum oxygen uptake), which are interrupted by short rest periods. Depending on the desired training effect, the HIIT variables, intensity and duration of the exercise intervals as well as the rest period, can be varied. The reason for the increased use of HIIT in gymnastics is the positive effects of HIIT on aerobic performance and the time saved compared to high-volume endurance training. HIIT also offers the possibility of performing endurance training with gymnastics-specific exercises, which enables more specific endurance training. However, the effects of HIIT with gymnastic-specific exercises on general endurance performance have not yet been proven. HIIT also offers the possibility of performing endurance training with gymnastics-specific exercises, which enables more specific endurance training. Up to now, the effects of HIIT with gymnastic-specific exercises on general and specific endurance performance have not been proven.

In this presentation, a HIIT with gymnastics-specific exercises will be introduced and the effects of this training programme on general and gymnastics-specific endurance performance (using the pommel horse as an example) will be presented and discussed. Furthermore, recommendations for the design of HIIT programmes will be given and discussed in order to train the gymnastics-specific endurance performance in the best possible way.

EN 5: Converting a FALL into a SAFE LANDING: contemporary gymnastics coaches’ education challenges

When Oct 16, 2021
from 02:00 PM to 02:45 PM
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Marco Bortoleto

Laurita Marconi

 


1. ETHICS:

  • Sport as a subculture and the nuances of the notion of ethics in gymnastics;
  • Ethical dilemmas related to gymnastics coaches;
  • The centrality of the coach and its implications in the relationship with gymnasts;


2. COACHES EDUCATION:

  • The importance of coach education programs for changes in the training culture;
  • Different realities in coach education: the need for greater international exchange;


3. POSITIVE STRATEGIES:

  • A new milestone for gymnastics training: from school to high performance.

EN 6: Maximum Strength Benchmarks for Difficult Static Elements on Rings in Male Elite Gymnastics

When Oct 16, 2021
from 03:00 PM to 03:45 PM
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Christoph Scherer

With recent developments in men’s artistic gymnastics, strength elements have become the most important components of competition routines on rings. In order to execute these strength elements as technically cleanly as possible, a high level of relative maximum strength and advanced balance skills in the specific holding positions are crucial.

To develop the required ring-specific maximum strength and to prepare the athletes’ upper-body muscles for the strain of the static strength elements on rings, concentric, static and eccentric exercises are important. In order to plan and monitor an efficient strength-training program, tests must be established to assess ring-specific strength as well as the level of strength for specific conditioning exercises.

This presentation briefly reviews our research results of the last few years in relation to the development of ring-specific maximal strength and shows the development of a specific strength test from which concrete training recommendations could be derived.

EN 7: Considerations for the safe and systematic training of adolescents towards future high-performance success

When Oct 16, 2021
from 04:00 PM to 04:45 PM
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Hardy Fink

The world's attention has, in recent years, concentrated on excesses and abuses in the coaching environment. It is important to focus ever more rigorously on the safe and healthy preparation and development of young gymnasts towards high performance excellence. Coaches must understand that the age period of 11-15 is a critical time for our gymnasts because it is a time when they are capable of learning complex aerial skills quickly but are simultaneously susceptible to debilitating acute, chronic and overuse physical injuries and to emotional and psychological damage. If our coaches can patiently guide their gymnasts past that critical period, they will have a champion; if not, the gymnastics community will have lost another gymnast and tarnished the image of our sport and the reason for our existence. Too often coaches sacrifice the future by making unwise decisions to include additional difficulty too early in competition routines during those years.

 

This presentation will explain why the high forces that must be generated and sustained by our gymnasts are especially problematic during the periods of rapid growth. It will also touch on how the blame for excessive and abusive coaching practices must be much more widely shared than merely blaming coaches.

DE 1: Framework for sport psychology of the DTB

When Oct 17, 2021
from 09:15 AM to 10:00 AM
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This talk will be held in German.

 

Henning Plessner & Kathrin Staufenbiel

This year, there have been a cooperation between sport psychologists from the university of Heidelberg and the German Sport University Cologne where they developed a new framework for sport psychology of the DTB. This event provides you an overview of the concept. Firstly, it is about drawing up psychological specifications in gymnastics. That is about, which general and specific requests (in a cognitive, motivational and emotional way) can be identified in different gymnastic disciplines during competition and training? This analysis brings up a number of consequences for example for the psychological content of the education and development of coaches. In addition, the framework includes directives and orientation for transposing sport psychological advice and support schemes at the DTB. For instance, for the course of counselling, the sport psychological diagnostic and the sport specific focus. 

DE 2: How are difficult jumps with different run-up speed successful? - Two examples for optimising the repulsion on the vault

When Oct 17, 2021
from 10:15 AM to 11:00 AM
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This talk will be held in German.

 

Klaus Knoll

Difficult jumps need fast speed. Studies prove that jumps with the difficulty of a Roche (handspring forward and two tucked front somersaults) or a Driggs (Kasamatsu straight with 1,5 vertikal turn) - both jumps with a Difficulty score of 5,2 -  need a run-up speed of 8 m/s.

So of course it is interesting if a gymnast performs a Dragulescu (Roche with a half turn, Difficulty score 5,6) with a run-up speed of 8,3 m/s and three years later he just needs 7,7 m/s. A speed difference of 0,3 m/s means a lot. 

An other considerable example is the different run-up speed of two Chinese gymnasts performing a Lopez (Kasamatsu straight with two turns, Difficulty score also 5,6). The Execution Score of the two is similar with over 9 points. 

The jumps have been analysed with a 2-D-process and partly with a synchron vault dynamometer and main parameter like angular momentum, altitude and flying length compared. The main feature for the jumps with the slowest run-up speed were lower altitudes and flying lengths as well as less repulsion forces. 

DE 3: A Shuttle Run for the gymnasium? - Testing of a 12 meter Shuttle Run for endurance diagnostics in gymnastics

When Oct 17, 2021
from 11:15 AM to 12:00 PM
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This talk will be held in German.

 

Falk Naundorf, Lina Fay & Alexander Seemann-Sinn

Lots of studies prove that the 20 meter Shuttle Run (20mSR) is a valid and reliable field test to deduce the Maximum Oxygen Uptake. It takes place in many disciplines especially among the new generation. In the last years the importance of a good endurance capacity for gymnastics increased because of longer exercises, more training volume with many repetitions and the connected recovery time. In the competitive sport of the younger generation in gymnastics there is no endurance test for the boys. In form of an athletic test girls have to do a 800 meter run. Based on the 20mSR one has developed a modified test which

a) considers the specific conditions in the gymnasium (surface 12m x 12m) and

b) takes less time (shorter step times and with it faster increase in speed) 

To provide an easier conducting of the test the IAT Leipzig has developed a web application.

The talk will discuss the established 20mSR, justify the changes for the 12 meter Shuttle Run and present the web application. Furthermore, one main component of the talk will be the results of a first study which compares both test variations 20mSR and 12mSR. 

DE 4: Examination and analysis of force-time diagrams of the supporting forces during a vault

When Oct 17, 2021
from 12:15 PM to 01:00 PM
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This talk will be held in German.

 

 

Lukas Alber & Thomas Lehmann

The table support phase is extremely important for the execution of very difficult vaults. The knowledge of an optimal repulsion technology fitting the vault and the athlete is of great interest for coaches and athletes. The table support phase has been scientifically examined very often by using kinematic methods. But the interaction between gymnast and table considering the acting forces could not be examined in detail until now because of the complexity of the measurement methods.

During the gymnastics world championship in Stuttgart 2019 all jumps from all competitions have been measured with a specifically developed dynamometric measurement device. The three common vaults Handsprings, Kasamatsu/Tsukahara and Yurchenko have been examined with regards to the maximum acting forces (horizontal and vertical direction).

The body orientation during the contact with the vault and the kind of hand contact have been identified as limiting factors. Vaults with high Execution Notes (E ≥ 9.0) have very different resultant reaction forces. Handsprings measure with 5.6 x body weight higher reaction force maximums than Yurchenko vaults with 4.3 x body weight and Kasamatsu vaults with 3.6 x body weight. However, there are no significant differences for the vertical force impulses. Meaningful parameters to judge the quality of the table support phase and its individual form have to be able to picture the dynamic structure of the table support phase. 

The lecture should give an overview of the outcomes of the connection between the force orientation and the characteristics of the force-time diagrams for the different vault types in men gymnastics. 

 

D5: Mindfulness as a sports-psychological type of training in gymnastics

When Oct 17, 2021
from 02:00 PM to 02:45 PM
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Urheber:  kentoh / 123RF Standard-Bild

This talk will be held in German.

 

Marie Ottilie Frenkel

Over the past years, mindfulness has also taken place in the world of sports. Mindfulness as a form of considered attention control during the moment is an effective sport-psychological intervention to increase sportive performance. Regular exercise can raise ones mindfulness systematically. 

The lecture explains the most important terms about mindfulness. Furthermore, it deals with central theories and results of mindfulness interventions in sports. Finally, it shows the special suitability of the method as a sport-psychological training for kids and young adults by presenting several mindfulness exercises. This forms the basis for a common reflection how mindfulness can be integrated into the training of professional and non-professional athletes.

DE 6: Parkour to get into the clubs

When Oct 17, 2021
from 03:00 PM to 03:45 PM
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This talk will be held in German.

 

Robin Link

In the last years the sport parkour was getting more and more popular. While many other classic sport clubs lose their members and participants, the parkour offers have a huge and still growing participation. 

The sport tempts with novelty, informal structures and flexibility. Furthermore, parkour is (similar to skating in the early 00s) very present in the media. Whether in films, shows, video games or music videos - today parkour is an omnipresent sport. 

With this, it is a huge change for clubs to gain members, bring people closer to sports and push ahead with the psychological development of the participants.

Overcome frontiers, experience ones own body, having joy while moving and try out things - This arguments offer other sports too but none with such a freedom and flexibility like parkour does.

Parkour makes it possible for every athlete to develop itself, free of compulsion or pressure to perform from outside. A club can be the first place to go, a place to come together, exchange and train difficult tricks. 

The lecture should show the possibilities of the sport and give an overview of the presence of parkour in the clubs. 

 

DE 7: Quo vadis gymnastics? An interactive exchange about deficiencies, culture change and hypocrisy

When Oct 17, 2021
from 04:00 PM to 05:30 PM
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This talk will be held in German.

 

  • Dr. Jonas Rohleder (former national squad athlete)
  • Dr. Sandra Schmidt (Journalist FAZ, TAZ, Zeit among others)
  • Claudia Seitz (Representative of the parents and mother of Elisabeth Seitz)
  • Max von Burkersroda (former athlete and current full-time coach in Heidelberg)
  • Dr. Kathrin Staufenbiel (Coach training and further education as well as sports psychology at the German Gymnastics Federation; coordination "Performance with respect")